Most interesting locations in Železné hory


 

Chrudim

Chrudim can be characterised as one of the highest quality and largest urban monument zones in eastern Bohemia. It has preserved mediaeval structures with monumentally significant buildings together with the ancient battlements. The historical core still functions as the municipal centre. Among the most beautiful landmarks are the triple-nave neo-gothic Archdean?s cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin (from the 13th to the 14th centuries, rebuilt numerous times); the Mydlářovský dům (Mydlář house), a monumental renaissance object with arcaded facade supplemented with allegorical relief (houses the Museum of Puppeteer Culture) or the complex of the museum buildings (in pseudo-renaissance and pseudo-baroque style with one of the most beautiful halls in the Czech Republic).

 

Chrast

The monastery founded in 1159 was destroyed in April 1421 by a Hussite army. On the site of the monastery today stands the church of the Holy Trinity. In Chrast we find a baroque chateau ? the former summer residence of the Hradecko bishops. The courtyard of the chateau, with a museum concert hall (former chateau chapel with original paintings) serves for arranging concerts. The chateau garden belongs to the chateau, built in the middle of the 19th century by Bishop Karel Hanl, modified into a park in 1903 by the architect Thomayer.
Luže - A quadrate square slanting away to the north, is surrounded by connected urban houses, always in groups of six on each side. In the middle stands the town hall from 1542. The broad Luže basin is dominated by the twin-spire pilgrimage church consecrated to the Blessed Virgin, Aid to Christians. According to a design by P.I. Bayer, it was built in the years 1690-1695 on the basalt hill of Chlumek nad Luží by the Italian architect G.B. Alliprandi. This is a unique, stylistically-pure structure built in early baroque style. A Jesuit residence, originally two storeys, was built behind the church at the end of the 17th century and remodelled into a one-storey building with a preserved refectory. It is still possible to visit the preserved Jewish synagogue in Luže or the Jewish cemetery.
Heřmanův Městec ? The baroque church of St. Bartholomew presents one of the most beautiful examples of clear style distinction, homogenous style ornamentation. This concerns a monument vastly exceeding the context of local eastern Bohemian architecture. The chateau is a late baroque residence in an extensive, very valuable English park. Located in Heřmanův Městec is a significant Jewish monument ? a preserved synagogue in the spaces of which are located the Gallery of significant artists of eastern Bohemia of the 20th century, the Jewish cemetery belongs among the oldest and most extensive in the Czech Republic.

 

Hlinsko ? Betlém

Betlém is a unique building in the centre of the city of Hlinsko. Parts of the masonry and timbered buildings document the way of life in the 18th and 19th centuries in this area. The exhibition offers a look into the housing of ordinary craftsmen, such as tinkers, potters, weavers and cobblers. The interiors are furnished with period furnishings, black kitchen. During the year, there are exhibitions of ?restoration? through thematic exhibitions devoted to Christmas and Easter holidays, folk customs, folk clothing, jewellery manufacture, historical photography and other areas.

 

Slatiňany

The Slatiňany chateau was already famous as a stronghold 600 years ago. After many reconstructions, it obtained its current form at the turn of the nineteenth century. One the eve of the 1940s, a ?museum of horses? was built here, which is divided into scientific and artistic parts.

 

Nasavrky

Built on the site of a demolished stronghold was a chateau with two towers, decorated with written graffito. We find here the permanent exhibit ?On the Trail of the Celts?. The Nasavrky Palette takes place here, as well as musical evenings and other cultural events.

 

Oheb

Directly above the surface of the reservoir Seč are the ruins of the Oheb castle. The castle was built in the 14th century at an elevation of 570 m above sea level. Near the castle is a nature preserve of the same name covering 26.6 hectares with the occurrence of many species of molluscs and vertebrates.

 

Lichnice

The ruins of the castle stand on a rocky hill formed by the interruption of the ridgeline of the Železné hory by two gorges, Lovětínská and Hedvikovská.
Košumberk ? The ruins of the gothic castle of Košumberk with renaissance additions were first noted in 1318. Installed here is an exhibition on the history of the castle with regard to the history of the city of Luže.

 

Ležáky

A monument to the tragic event of the destruction of this village during the Heydrichiada (24 June 1942). A ceremony is held every year to honour the innocent victims with participation by significant personalities of the Czech Republic.

 

Vysočina ? Veselý Kopec

Veselý Kopec forms a loosely scattered whole set in the picturesque landscape. Some of the timbered houses are original, some were brought here from other locations in the Českomoravská vrchovina. Style furnishings document the lifestyle in the last century. The settlement has been added to with outbuildings, retirement houses, and a number of technical equipment. Veselý Kopec is famous for arranging regular fairs. In winter, Veselý Kopec revives the Shrovetide rounds.
Located in nearby Dřevíkov is a Jewish cemetery with tombstones of baroque and classicist type.
 
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