Historic reservation Open-air museum ? Vesely kopec and Betlém
Příčná 350, 539 01 Hlinsko
Phone and fax No.: +420 469 326 415
Open-air museum Vysočina is the only open-air museum in Pardubice region and it lies about 40 km to the south of Pardubice and about 100 km away from Prague. The picturesque countryside with its various natural beauties on the border of the Žďár Hills and the Iron Hills has been charming a lot famous painters and most visitors. The region is very rich in historical sights including surviving evidence of folk architecture. Most of these sights are situated in the exposition of the Open-air museum VYSOČINA which is concurrently the largest institution of that kind in Bohemia. It consists of several exhibition units that are located in the isolated settlements belonging to the village of Vysočina and in the town of Hlinsko. Therefor, individual expositions cannot be found only in one place but you can visit them in Veselý Kopec, Svobodné Hamry and in the urban conservation area Betlém in Hlinsko.
The first visitors could see the incipient exposition of open-air museum in Veselý Kopec in 1972. Since then the exposition of folk architecture in Veselý Kopec has expanded and other buildings in above-mentioned areas has increased. At present, more than 40 buildings showing the way of life and the work of petty farmers and folk artisans in the region of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands are inclued in the Vysočina Collection of Folk Architecture.
The Vysočina Collection of Folk Architecture doesn´t only concentrate on the renewal and reconstruction of the folk architectural evidence bud it has also been trying to mediate the knowledge of lifestyle,housekeeping and husbandry, crafts and customs of the generations living in the past. We offer a huge number of thematic exhibitions and programmes which are very popular with our visitors. These programmes are visited by thousands of people from the Czech Republic and abroad every year.
In the following lines we´d like to introduce the largest and the most significant exposition units: Veselý Kopec and urban conservation area Betlém in Hlinsko.
The settlement of Veselý Kopec was established in the first half of 16th century together with the other residences in Hlinsko region populating the forest landscape. Petty farmers, who had difficulties with providing themselves with the basic lifehood, found teir homes here. Sopme timbered houses from the original settlement disappeared in the course of time, some of them changed and the only one has survived up to now. In early 70s of 20th centruy, this house together with its unspoiled surrouding was the rason why other sights of folk architecture have been transferred to this area. Nowadays, there are almost 30 houses forming the settlement with freestanding buil-up area. The local expositions bring the testimony of petty farmers´ work and lifestyle from the first half of 19th century till the half 20th century. There aren´t only agricultural homesteads but also smaller buildings (granary, goat and cow sheds, cooler, etc.) or folk technical sights on water propulsion. The most significant building is the water corn mill which was transferred to the original foundations of the mill built before 1580 in Veselý Kopec. The original mill was destroyed by the fire in 1909 and it was renovated in 1977 by shifting the mill from Oldřetice. It´s not only the grinding plant (so called ?Czech set-up?) that attracts the touristrs´ attention but also pulp-mill for peeled barley and brewing container for plum jam. All these devices used the moving water power for propelling these ingenious mechanisms. Oil room, saw mill and spruce ? bark stamp for tan pounding are situated near the mill too.
Two of the agricultural homesteads are worth to be mentioned ? petty peasant´s dwelling from the beginning of the 19th centruy transferred from Lezník near Polička. This house has got a quadrilateral development of the yard and its interior is dated till the half of 19th centrury. At the end of the sightseeing tour there is a farmhouse with a very nice classicism frontage brought from Mokrá Lhota near Nové Hrady. The living space together with the cowshed and vault entrance are built in argillite, there is also a timbered granary and a barn. There´s the exposition showing the lifestyle and the way of husbandry of the private farmer from the 50s of 20th centruy inside the building.
Except for the above-mentioned houses, there are of course other interesting timbered dwellings, little rural constructions (dryer, bleaching-ground, etc.), a beehive and a belfry in Veselý Kopec. Moreover, the tourists are enticed by the beautiful natural surroudings to sit near the streamlet or a small pond; children can´t overlook the livestock in the barns, runs and corrals. In Veselý Kopec there´s of course a pleasant and cosy tavern located in the part of the farm reserved by a farmer on his retirement which was shifted from Široký Důl. You can buy folk craftsmen´s products in a gift shop. If you decide to visit Veselý Kopec, you can spend a very nice day here. The sightseeing tour lasts about 90 minutes.
Phone No. - guides: +420 469 333 175
Events throught the year 2012
Betlém Hlinsko ? urban conservation area
Web managed by DUOWEB.cz
Urban conservation area Betlém is situated in the centre of Hlinsko. The history of the town located in the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands reaches back to 12th centruy. However, the timbered houses in Betlém are younger. The origin of the houses is related with the abolition of serfdo m and the development of the crafts. In the half of 18th century Rychmburk nobility released some land, which had been used as a grassland so far, on the left bank of the Chrudimka River for newly coming inhabitants of Hlinsko. The archival records prove the brisk structural activity. In the map from 1731 there were only two houses in that area, but several years later the houses were built chock-a-block so that there wasn´t almost any spot left. The original inhabitants of the timbered houses were petty craftsmen ? mainly potters. After disappearing the pottery, people were devoted to weaver´s trade and other crafts (e. g.: shoemakers, tinsmiths, toy makers, tailors, beltmakers, furriess,?). Betlém became the home for labourers´ families from the end of 19th century and especially inthe first third of 20th centrury. As if by miracle, this part of Hlinsko kept its original urbanistic character till the 80s of 20th centrury. The preservation of at least some houses was enforced in 1989 thanks to the efforts of the workers of the office for the preservation of historical monuments and not many other enthusiasts. Betlém has been the part of the Open-air museum Vysočina since 1989. first houses were repaired in a delimited part of this locality and the tourists could see them in 1993. Since 1995 part of Betlém in Hlinsko has been declared to be the urban conservation area. At present the visitors can see houses with folk craftsmen´s habitation and the labourer´s dwelling with shoemaker´s workshop with the part of the house reserved on his retirement. There are also held various thematic exhibitions in other houses within the year, there are gift shops, congenial restaurant and eventhe basic art school ? the classroom for visual art. A period guest house ?Betlém? is situated on the edge of this area offering its guests comfortable accommodation and a lot of other services (e. g.: bicycle hire, fishing, golf, horse-riding, etc.).
Hlinsko doesn´t have many historical sights, but the urban conservation area is without exaggeration really unique in central Europe. Don´t miss this chance to visit a very interesting place. The tour doesn´t last more than 60 minutes but only if you don´t visit the local ?St. Hubert´s Inn?.
Phone No. - guides:+420 469 311 429
Events throught the year 2012